Camerano is set in one of the most picturesque and rich landscapes of the Le Marche. It’s located on top of a hill overlooking the sea, Mount Conero, the Appennines. The stunning local countryside serves as an ideal starting point for treks as well as cultural excursions. Camerano is the ideal place for those who want to avoid mass tourism and see the real Italy.
Camerano is very close (10 minutes by bus) to some of the most striking and beautiful beaches on the Adriatic coastline. It offers the possibility of a wide range of excursions and trekking, allowing students to easily explore the culture and relax.
Historical overview: Camerano, originally known as "Cameranum", or "Camuran", or simply "Camburan" as it is still called nowadays in the local dialect, has very ancient origins. The first human settlements in the area where Camerano is now located, date back to the period between 7th and 6th millennium B.C.: the ancient "Piceni" were the first inhabitants of the area, later replaced by the Romans. In the Middle Ages, between the 8th and 9th century, the whole territory around Ancona became part of Bizantine "Pentapoli". Camerano's area was divided into several districts owned by the Church. The first documents where the name "Castrum Camurani" (castle of Camerano) appears date from 1177. In 1198, Camerano first became an independent Commune, part of the Commune League created to resist against Marcovaldo, sent by Henry the sixth. San Francesco Church (see photo below) was most probably founded in 1215. From the 13th to the 15th century, the town lost its independency and came under the jurisdiction of Frederick the second of Svevia first and under Ancona's later From 1797 al 1798, Camerano was ruled by Napoleon's troops; after his defeat, the local tradition tells of a short visit paid by the English admiral Horatio Nelson. In 1860, after the battle of "Castelfidardo" ended with the defeat of the Pontifician army, Camerano was occupied by Savoia troops and was annexed a year later to the Kingdom of Italy. During the Second World War, Camerano was occupied by the German troops in 1943 and afterwards liberated by the Allies in July 1944: the town suffered great damages, as it was the target of several air raids. In the post-war period Camerano underwent great industrial and economic development: one example is the worldwide famous musical instrument factory "Farfisa", founded in 1964.
San Francesco Church: The local tradition attributes the foundation of this church to San Francis himself, in 1215. The church still features the original impressive stone portal of the 13th century. Inside you can find paintings by Marco Vannetti, disciple of Maratti (famous painter from Camerano; 1625-1713). Worth seeing is the attached convent with its characteristic cloister and the impressive monastery founded by the Conventual Fathers (1763), which later became the seat of the Municipality.
Grotte di Camerano (Camerano Caves): under the historical centre of town there is a labyrinth of caves excavated in sandstone. For many years these caves were believed to be the ruins of ancient sandstones caves or even cellars used to store wine. More recent explorations and in-depth studies let to the discovery of architectural and bas-relief decorations which hardly can be related to mere sandstone caves or storerooms: dome and vault shaped ceilings, circular chambers and columns with architectural details, decorations with friezes, ornaments and religious symbols were found throughout the caves.
Visiting these caves people discover an almost fairy-tale like world by which they remain astounded: it is a secret Camerano where legends and history abound. The most accredited theory today is about caves used as houses, for worship or for defense purposes, in ancient and even in recent times, considering that in 1944 the caves where used by many local families as a bomb shelter.
Festa del Rosso Conero - Rosso Conero wine festival (first week-end of September): Camerano is located in the centre of the famous Rosso Conero wine area. Every year, during the first week of September, the inhabitants of Camerano give farewell to the summer season and celebrate the beloved local wine with a three day event called the Festa del Rosso Conero.
“Rosso Conero” (Montepulciano grapes) is a quality wine (DOC) that finds its ideal environment on the fertile hills and ridge lines of the Mount Conero, thanks to the mild Mediterranean climate, the calcareous soils and also to the winds blowing from the sea.
The Festival (free entrance) takes place in the streets and little squares of the historical centre and offers many food stands, wine tastings and events: music, shows, concerts and street theater.